Tour MTHC 18. Agricultural Tour to Uzbekistan
MTHC 18. Agro tourism +cultural diversity in Uzbekistan
Oasis secular over twenty centuries, kaleidoscope of mountains, deserts, steppes, lakes and rivers, mineral extraordinary universe ... and changing colors. Your trip aims to give you a historical perspective on contemporary realities of Uzbekistan and let you experience the history size. The meeting with the people who have preserved their customs, traditions and religious beliefs in addition to the charms of the Silk Road. The visit of exceptional sites on the list of world cultural heritage.
Route: Tashkent - Khiva - Bukhara - Nurata - Aydarkul - Samarkand - Chimgan -Tachkent
Duration: 11 days / 9 nights
Transport: air and vehicle
Season: April to November
Accommodation: double rooms in hotels 2, 3, 4, yurt camp
DAY 1: Flight international -Tashkent Urguench - Khiva
Flight to to Tashkent. Arrival to Tashkent - the capital of Uzbekistan. Transfer to the hotel and accommodation. City tour with local guide: Old part of the city: the architectural complex "Khazrat-Imam" City tour: Barak-Khan Madrasah (16th c.), The Kaffal-Shashi mausoleum (15th c.). Kukeldash Madrasah (16th c.), the Juma mosque (9th c.), Chorsu gigantesque oriental bazaar on the right of the square Chorsu. Lunch in the city. PM, visit to the Madrasa Abdul Kassim, the Museum of Applied Art, transfer to airport for flight to Urgench at 18:40 (1:20 hours of flight). Arrival and transfer to Khiva (35km). O/n at hotel.
DAY 2: Khiva
Breakfast at the hotel. Check in hotel. Little rest. Tour of city museum, classified by UNESCO, a former stop on the Silk Road: the door Ata darvaza Minaret Kalta Minor (XIX), madrasah Mohamed Aminkhan, the ark of the khan and the former palace Kunya Ark. Lunch during the tour, following of tour: madrasah Mohamed Rahimkhan, the Friday Mosque, the mausoleum of Said Alouddin, the mausoleum of Pahlavan Mahmud, the minaret of Islamkhodja, Tochhovli Palace and Harem of Khan, Madrasa of Ollokoulikhon. End visits to 16 h 00. Dinner at resraurant. Overnight at hotel.
DAY 3: Khiva - Ayaz Kala - Toprak Kala - Urguench - Bukhara
Breakfast at the hotel. The whole day will be devoted to the discovery of the cotton crop, "Uzbek White Gold" or "all in cotton is good." Actually gives several cotton products: clothing, cotton seed oil (extracted from cottonseed), soap (at the base of its oil), food for cattle (best food at the base of seed cotton rich in cellulose). Early departure for the Ellik Qala area (80 km) via the new bridge over the Amu Darya River. Meeting with farmers producing cotton for a first KNOWLEDGE with this culture. For the period May, the cotton plant is flowering large white or yellow flowers with five petals where s' appear later fruits are ovoid capsules four or five boxes, each containing six twelve seeds. (rearing silkworms subject to availability, because the harvest is completed mainly by the end of May). Then you will discover all the trials of the cotton mill after harvest tour of the repository, cotton ginning plant cotton and seed. Lunch at local house in Buston. After lunch, transfer to Shovot (80 km) where we will discover the last trial: spinning, weaving and sewing. Visit the modern textile factory where finished products are produced mainly for export. In evening, transfer to Urgench (40 km). Dinner at Urgench. Transfer to Urgench airport. Flight to Bukhara. Arrival in Bukhara and transfer to the hotel. Overnight at hotel.
Day 4: Bukhara
Breakfast. City tour: Citadel Ark (4th c. BC), Samanides Mausoleum (9-10th c.), Chashma Ayub(14th c.), Bolo-Hauz Mosque (beginning of the 20th c.), Coumpol bazaar, Medreseh Nodir-Divan-Beghi, complex Lyabi-Khauz (14-17th c.), Minaret Kalon (12th c.), Kalyan Mosque (12th c.), Medreseh Miri Arab (16th c.). Lunch in city. Dinner in traditional Uzbek house. Overnight in Bukhara.
Day 5: Bukhara
Breakfast. A trip out of the city for a mausoleum Chor-Bakr (10 -16 th c.), visit to summer residence Sitorai-Mokhi-Hossa (19th c.), medersa Chor Minor. Lunch. PM free. Dinner. Overnight in Bukhara.
Day 6: Bukhara - Guijduvan – Nurata – Aydarkul (240 km)
After breakfast, depart for Aydarkul. On the way stop at Gijdouvan (40 km), where you will visit a family workshop existing pottery for six generations. Starting Nurata (130 km, 2 h). Stop en route to the ruins of Rabati Malik caravanserai dating from the eleventh century and Sardoba (reservoire water) which was an important stop on the Great Silk Road. You will discover petroglyphs dating back 4000 years BC In Nurata visit of the mosque and the sacred pond fish. Lunch in Nurata. Departure (70 km, 1 h) to the yurt camp nearby (15 km) from Lake Aydarkul for one night in the middle of the steppe. Accommodation. Meeting with the villagers of sheep and cattle breeders. Swimming in the lake and camel safari or walking in a desert landscape. Evening around the fire with a troubadour Kazakh. Dinner. Night in a yurt.
Day 7: Aydarkul - Samarkand (270 km)
After breakfast, departure to Samarkand (270 km, 4 hours) through traditional villages. Stop on one village (15 km from Samarkand) to visit a grain farming area (mainly wheat). Meet the farmer. The visit may fall harvest, so the possibility of tractors, harvesters. Arrival to Samarkand. Lunch at the restaurant. Accommodation at the hotel. Afternoon visit of the Registan square which includes three madrasahs of Ulugbek, Tilla Kori and Cherdor, Gur Emir mausoleum. Visit of the winery and wine museum and wine tasting in Hovrenko factory. Dinner in city. Overnight at hotel.
Day 8: Samarkand – Tashkent (320km)
After breakfast, following of visit: the Observatory Ulugbeg, AFROSIAB museum, Shokhi - Zinda necropolis , Bibi Khanym mosque, the most bustling market. Lunch. Afternoon visit the workshop of the silk paper Konigil. At 16 h 00, transfer to the railway station. Departure at 17 h 00 by fast train "AFROSIOB" (Spanish Talgo Train). Arrival in Tashkent at 19 h 10 and transfer to hotel. Dinner at the restaurant. Overnight at hotel.
Day 9: Tashkent - Chimgan – Tashkent
Depart on morning to CHARVAQ Chimgan (80 + 80 km, 3 h). Panoram view by bus of the the large water reservoir Charvak for irrigation and hydropower. Ability to run in the uplands. Visit a trout farm, the largest in the republic. Lunch with trout in grill. Return to TASHKENT, visit of the grape cooperative, wine tasting. Dinner at the restaurant. Overnight at hotel
Day 10: Tashkent
After breakfast, Visit of square of Independence, Opera and Ballet Theater of A. Navoi and local "Broadway". Lunch in city. Transfer around Tashkent (25 km) to visit a farm to breed cattle milk exported from Europe. These cows are adapted to the Uzbek climate and produce about 4000 liters per lactation per cow. Back in Tashkent. Free time. In evening possible performance at Opera). Farewell dinner in a restaurant. Overnight at hotel.
Day 11: Tashket – Flight international
• 3-4 * hotels, including breakfast;
• Full board without drinks (mineral water or tea included);
• Local English speaking guide-escort;
• Support of local agriculture expert
• Local flight;
• Train tickets SAMARKAND / TASHKENT;
• Mineral water 1L for long transfers;
•Museums and sights fees.
PRICE DOES NOT INCLUDE:
• International flight;
• Additional services to hotels;
• Tips to guide and drivers;
• The right to use the camera and the camera in excursions;
• Up to 30 days - no penalty
• Up to 15 days - 50% penalty
• Up to 7 days - 100% penalty
Agriculture of Uzbekistan
Agriculture is one of the prior and large sectors of the national economy. Uzbekistan is one of the most favorable regions for growing various agricultural as well as industrial crops.
Agriculture is a leading sector by number and proportion of all of the employed in the economy. The sector provides population with necessary food, and raw to other branches of economy. The large part of the sown areas, and the most of them under industrial crops - are the irrigated lands with a powerful state irrigation system.
The Soviet-type collective farms were restructured to joint stock and other non-state agricultural entities. The share of the non-state sector has increased in the total amount of the agricultural gross product.
The cotton growing is a leading sector in agriculture. As a northernmost cotton producer in the world, Uzbekistan annually achieves bumper harvests of raw cotton.
The grain production develops as well in the dry land areas with growing of wheat and barley. The corn is grown on the irrigated lands.
In addition, the areas under grain crops are on the rise. It should be underscored, that Uzbekistan succeeded in securing the self-sufficiency in grain.
One of the ancient sectors of agriculture - the silkworm breeding - has an important economic significance with its centuries-long traditions. There is still a constant need for the national fabric due to the unique hygiene features of natural silk given the hot climatic conditions in the country. The product of the silkworm breeding -silk cocoons - is the main raw for making the natural silk.
Uzbekistan is the largest producer of vegetables, fruits, and grapes, which are uniquely delicious. The climatic conditions allow for several harvests a year.
The specialized farming enterprises in the countryside grow mouthwateringly delicious apples, pears, quinces, grapes, sweet cherries, cherries, plums, apricot, as well as subtropical crops, such as pomegranate, persimmon, and in the southernmost regions - the sugar-cane. On the sugar content and other features, fruits and vegetables grown in Uzbekistan are regarded as the best in the Orient.
The grape serves a good source for winemaking industry. The winemakers of the country annually produce more than 30 sorts of wines, as well as various sorts of cognac and Champaign.
Melons and watermelons grown in the country are mouthwateringly delicious due to the established good practice of growing, as well as long sunny days observed during the summer nationwide.
The animal husbandry plays no less significant role in Uzbekistan's agriculture. The sheep breeding, in particular, is an important sector with its historical traditions of astrakhan fur making. The given sphere is based mainly in Bukhara, Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya, Samarkand, and Jizzakh provinces, as well as the Republic of Karakalpakstan.